Profundo is a mission driven research and advisory firm: “With profound research and advice, Profundo aims to make a practical contribution to a sustainable world and social justice”. The irresponsible patterns in which the global community produces, processes, and consumes natural resources, as well as distributes the wealth and wellbeing derived from these resources, are not just destroying biodiversity, the environment and the climate. They also destabilize societies, create conflicts and human rights violations, and exacerbate social inequality. To change these patterns and create more sustainability and social justice, many different stakeholders need to change course: governments, companies, consumers and financial institutions, to name some of the most important. For all of them, changing course is difficult and inhibited by existing rules and regulations, ingrained habits and practices, outdated technologies, as well as vested interests. To support the movement towards more sustainability and social justice, the profound research and advice we are offering is much needed. We see it as our role to unravel the facts, to analyse the patterns, to expose the vested interests. But also to show the options for change, to look for solutions and to stimulate stakeholders to change course. Our research and advice should be used as a lever for change, providing insights as well as opportunities. Over the years, Profundo has been actively supporting NGOs, financial institutions, and governments in their mission towards sustainable development. In responsible investment, our experience builds upon a long history of comparative research on financial institutions regarding various environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors, such as human rights, nature and biodiversity, climate change, corruption, taxes and subsidies, conflict areas, and undemocratic regimes.