Describe how you actively include input and information, wherever possible, from relevant stakeholders or interested parties, in the research process or in reaching assessment conclusions.
We base our research on publicly available information, which includes regulatory information and information available on companies’ websites. When we receive information not directly sourced from the company, such as that provided by stakeholder analysis and reports, we consider whether to include this in our reports. Whether or not this information is included is based: first, on the fact checking of the accuracy of such statements, and we only use the verified factual content of these reports; and second, whether such information is material for the analysis i.e. if it raises concerns about governance at the company and has the potential to lead to serious consequences for the company and its shareholders.