Describe how you monitor voting outcomes.
Our offer takes into consideration any types of voting: electronic, in situ or via power of attorney (through proxy collector). Thanks to our capabilities we enlarge the scope of voters (depending on the methodology they prefer vote) and we contribute to make shareholders exercise their voting rights. A certification process is performed all along the votes' casting management so as to ensure final validity of the vote.
Next challenges, in the frame of transparency related to voting outcome will be to create additional value by accompanying our clients, both issuers and investors, in the way they will implement associated stewardship policies.