Managers are required to fill out our ESG questionnaire during the appointment phase. If we feel they score low on a particular E, S or G issue we either meet to discuss and engage, or in the due diligence phase we may decide to not appoint on the basis of very poor E,S or G performance. As a part of manager appointment process they are required to take into consideration our Responsible Investment Policy and report back to us on any of our E, S, or G concerns. Outputs include regular reports from managers and even ad hoc reporting in the event of a material breach of ESG issues. Review meetings are also held where appropriate. PRI Guides have been used as an input into our overall questionnaire.