Exclusion decisions are based on a clear process and principles. International conventions, New Zealand law, Crown actions, and companies' involvement and activities, are key factors in our decision-making process.
There are two types of exclusions:
(a) 'product' exclusions, where companies are excluded based on the products they make (for example tobacco, cluster munitions)
(b) 'poor ESG practices' exclusions, where companies are excluded for systemic breaches of responsible investment standards.
In addition, the Fund will exclude investment in the government bonds of any nation state where there is widespread condemnation or sanctions by the international community and New Zealand has imposed meaningful diplomatic, economic or military sanctions aimed at the government.
Since the Christchurch terrorist attack in 2019, we also introduced a new category of product exclusions: companies involved in the manufacture of civilian automatic and semi-automatic firearms and magazines or parts prohibited under New Zealand law.
More information is available on NZ Super's website: https://www.nzsuperfund.co.nz/how-we-invest-responsible-investment/exclusions.
The passive investments use futures not individual equities.