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Dimensional Fund Advisors

PRI reporting framework 2020

You are in Direct - Listed Equity Incorporation » ESG incorporation in actively managed listed equities

アクティブ運用している上場株式におけるESGの組み入れ

実施プロセス

LEI 01. Percentage of each incorporation strategy

01.1. 以下を記載してください。(1)組織でのアクティブ運用上場株式にどのESG組み入れ戦略や組み合わせを使用しているか(2)アクティブ運用している上場株式の戦略または戦略の組み合わせ別内訳

ESG組み入れ戦略 (当てはまるものをすべてお選びください)
アクティブ運用される上場株式に戦略が適用される割合 (推定 +/- 5%)
90 %
アクティブ運用される上場株式に戦略が適用される割合 (推定 +/- 5%)
10 %
アクティブ運用している上場株式の合計 111%

01.2. 組織が実施しているESG組み入れアプローチ、および、特定のESG組み入れ戦略を選択している場合はその理由を説明してください。

There are two ways in which Dimensional incorporates ESG considerations and the reasons for each approach are described below.

1.      Integration Alone

Dimensional incorporates ESG considerations into its investment analysis and decision-making processes and reflects those considerations in its policies and practices, as appropriate. In determining how to incorporate ESG considerations in the investment process, Dimensional performs a significant amount of research with the goals of improving our understanding of expected returns across securities, better managing risks in the portfolios, and reducing costs in the management of the portfolios.

Examining the research, we find that first, decades of research support the notion that market prices quickly incorporate relevant information about a company. This information includes current expectations about ESG-related risks or opportunities facing a company. Second, that expected returns across securities are driven by prices investors pay and the cash flows they expect to receive. Our ESG research tests for information in ESG data that may give us insight into a company’s expected future cash flows or differences in the discount rates investors apply to those expected future cash flows. While we have not currently found reliable evidence that ESG variables contain additional information about differences in expected returns across securities once we control for known drivers such as company size, relative price, and profitability, this represents a continuing area of research for Dimensional.

Thus, we integrate ESG considerations in our investment process where we expect those considerations allow us to better control risk and/or add value for our investors. Generally speaking, we incorporate ESG issues across three aspects of the investment process: 1) portfolio design, 2) buy/sell/hold decisions in the portfolios, and 3) maximizing the value of holdings in the portfolios through activities such as investment stewardship.

  • Portfolio Design: Portfolio design refers to our process of selecting which securities are eligible in our portfolios and at what weight we may hold those securities in the portfolio. Dimensional incorporates ESG considerations in determining security eligibility within the portfolios. For example, we seek to exclude companies with heightened probabilities of fraud or expropriation of shareholder value through exchange eligibility decisions. We also exclude closely held companies in the portfolios, as these types of companies may have large strategic shareholders whose interests may not align with the broader shareholder base. While we believe information such as risk of fraud or strategic shareholder misalignment is reflected in market prices, it may present potential outcomes to which we do not want to expose our clients.
  • Buy/Sell/Hold Decisions: With respect to buy/sell/hold decisions in the portfolios, we generally consider ESG data for risk management purposes. We may halt buying securities or refer those companies to our stewardship team for engagement based on certain ESG-related controversies or on a case-by-case analysis for specific situations. For example, if there is an environmental controversy that we expect to change the company financials significantly, we may halt purchases of that company until there is more clarity on the impact of the controversy. In the case of an acquisition or merger that we believe is not in the interest of target shareholders, portfolio managers coordinate with our stewardship team to vote against such deals. The stewardship team may also choose to engage with the target board or management.
  • Corporate Governance/Investment Stewardship: Beyond our buying and selling decisions, Dimensional seeks to maximize the value of portfolio holdings by influencing positive governance practices across portfolio companies through our investment stewardship efforts. Dimensional believes that prices reflect relevant information about a company, including a company’s current governance and oversight of material ESG issues. We would expect successful efforts to improve governance practices to be reflected in higher prices through a combination of higher expected cash flows to shareholders and/or lower discount rates applied to those cashflows. Across all our equity portfolios, we therefore seek to encourage strong boards representing shareholder interests, including the mitigation of material environmental and social risks.

A main component of our stewardship activities is our engagement with portfolio companies. We use a systematic approach to identify E, S, or G issues that will inform our engagement efforts. We do not invest with the purpose or intended effect of changing or influencing control; however, our engagement practices are focused on letting boards know that we expect them to have processes to manage material ESG risks, to provide shareholders with information to assess the efficacy of those processes, and to act in the best interest of shareholders. More information about our approach to stewardship along with relevant policies and procedures may be found on the Corporate Governance section of our public website (www.dimensional.com).

 

2.      Screening and Integration

Dimensional also has dedicated sustainability mandates, which apply an additional layer of ESG integration in the buy/hold/sell decision process. This process uses a data-driven approach to evaluate companies on a focused set of sustainability issues whose impact can be readily measured and reported. For these strategies, the primary ESG consideration is environmental impact from company emissions, including greenhouse gas emissions and potential emissions from fossil fuel reserves. The strategies also seek to reduce exposure to a select list of other key sustainability considerations, such as coal, factory farming, palm oil, land use and biodiversity, toxic spills and releases, operational waste, water management, and the manufacture of civilian firearms. 

We also offer a variety of socially screened strategies that seek to exclude companies with meaningful involvement with client-specified business activities. These strategies can be readily customized to incorporate the ESG factors described above as well as additional considerations that clients may desire.

01.3. ESG組み入れ戦略の組み合わせを使用して資産を運用している場合、ESG戦略の組み合わせをどのように使用しているかを簡単に説明してください。 [任意]

The response to this question is covered in LEI 01.2.

 


LEI 02. Type of ESG information used in investment decision (Private)


LEI 03. Information from engagement and/or voting used in investment decision-making (Private)


A) 実施:スクリーニング

LEI 04. Types of screening applied

04.1. 組織内でアクティブ運用している上場株式に適用するスクリーニングの種類を記載し、説明してください。

スクリーニングの種類

スクリーニング実行者

説明

Dimensional’s sustainability strategies are currently primarily designed to decrease exposure to companies that are significant contributors to emissions or those with large fossil fuel reserves (such as oil, gas, and coal) that may lead to future emissions. Other considerations, such as land use and biodiversity, toxic spills and releases, operational waste, and water management, are also variables in the sustainability score. Dimensional’s approach seeks to minimize or exclude investment in companies with lower sustainability scores. The strategies also seek to exclude companies connected to other environmental and social sustainability issues, including: coal, palm oil, factory farming, cluster munitions, civilian firearms, tobacco, and child labor.

Dimensional’s socially focused portfolios use screens to identify stocks for exclusion based on business activity across several issues, such as meaningful involvement in: nuclear weapons; the Republic of Sudan; tobacco; alcohol; gambling; or pornography. Also excluded are companies that are involved in: abortions, abortive agents, or contraceptives; landmines or cluster bombs, civilian firearms; stem cell research; or have had major recent controversies relating to child labor.

More broadly, Dimensional generally excludes closely held companies from its universe of eligible securities for its clients on governance grounds, as described in earlier sections.

スクリーニング実行者

説明

Dimensional’s sustainability strategies are currently primarily designed to decrease exposure to companies that are significant contributors to emissions or those with large fossil fuel reserves (such as oil, gas, and coal) that may lead to future emissions. Other considerations, such as land use and biodiversity, toxic spills and releases, operational waste, and water management, are also variables in the sustainability score. Dimensional’s approach seeks to overweight investment in companies with higher sustainability scores. 

スクリーニング実行者

説明

Apply these principles to certain accounts per client specification.

04.2. スクリーニング基準が変更された場合に顧客や受益者に通知する方法について説明してください。

Criteria are established based on client input and reviewed on an ongoing basis. Eligible securities are updated quarterly. Clients are notified in writing of any changes.


LEI 05. Processes to ensure screening is based on robust analysis

05.1. スクリーニングが徹底した分析に基づいていることを確実にするために、組織が使用しているプロセスを選択してください。

05.2. ESGスクリーニング戦略の一環で包括的なESG調査の対象となるアクティブ上場株式ポートフォリオの割合を示してください。

05.3. 第三者のESG評価がスクリーニング目的で更新される頻度を示してください。

05.4. 組織のESGスクリーニングを構築するための組織内リサーチを精査する頻度を示してください。

05.5. 補足情報 [任意]


LEI 06. Processes to ensure fund criteria are not breached (Private)


C) 実施: 統合

LEI 08. Review ESG issues while researching companies/sectors

08.1. E・S・Gの各要因が投資分析の一環として体系的に調査されている、アクティブ運用の上場株式ポートフォリオの割合を記載してください。

ESG問題

影響を受ける割合
E(環境)

E(環境)

S(社会)

S(社会)

コーポレートガバナンス

コーポレートガバナンス

08.2. 補足情報 [任意]


LEI 09. Processes to ensure integration is based on robust analysis

09.1. ESG統合が徹底した分析に基づいていることを確実にするために、組織が使用しているプロセスを記載してください。

09.2. 組織の統合戦略の一環で包括的ESG調査の対象になるアクティブ運用上場株式の割合を記載してください。

09.3. ESG統合戦略に使われる第三者のESG評価が更新される頻度を示してください。

09.4. ESG統合戦略に使われる組織内調査を見直す頻度を示してください。

09.5. ポートフォリオ・マネージャーがどのようにしてESG情報を保有し、使っているのか説明してください。

09.6. 補足情報 [任意]


LEI 10. Aspects of analysis ESG information is integrated into (Private)


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