Loomis Sayles publicly provides proxy voting records for its US registered mutual funds as part of its annual N-PX reporting requirements to the US Securities Exchange Commission. Not later than August 31st of each year, Loomis Sayles submits the form, which contains the fund’s complete proxy voting record for the most recent 12-month period ended June 30th. Loomis Sayles also publishes this annual report as well as its proxy voting policy on its website, at https://www.loomissayles.com. We also provide proxy voting activities in the aggregate for annual publication and quarterly updating on its website. The proxy voting process is incorporated into the annual Service Organization Control Report (SOC 1) (performed by independent auditors) and any issues or concerns are reported to Loomis Sayles senior management for resolution.