The quality and robustness of our sustainability-related data is of paramount importance to us because it enhances our ability to identify risks and opportunities. We work with huge amounts of raw data and take the governance and maintenance of our sustainability datasets and tools very seriously. We are constantly working to ensure our research and analysis is based on robust, verifiable, cutting edge data and techniques to ensure we are fully capturing the complex, multi-faceted nature of sustainability dynamics, and using this to provide actionable intelligence to our portfolio management teams.
We use a wide range of in-house and external research techniques and sources to collect, verify, enhance and analyse large amounts of raw data at the most granular level possible. Our in-house research includes using advanced/alternative technological methodologies to collect and aggregate data from a wide range of sources including geospatial data, governmental and non-governmental organisations, international organisations, data aggregation platforms and the media, for example.
We also work in partnership with a number of external data providers to access raw data, including Exiobase, Sustainalytics, Trucost and Inrate. We are constantly reviewing the quality and scope of data available from external providers given the dynamic and rapid evolution of this space. We view this as a partnership because we also believe it is important to maintain open and regular dialogue with those providers to ensure the data they provide is as up to date and investment relevant as possible. Data from these providers is then fed into our proprietary frameworks and methodology.
Our proprietary technology platform, which is common to all our internal portfolio management teams, is used to aggregate sustainability-information and ensure all the necessary sustainability-related information is readily available to the portfolio management teams at all times. This information is also made available to the teams directly via their Bloomberg terminals. As a result sustainability is tightly coupled to our portfolio management and construction process: sustainability figures can be monitored precisely overtime and used to trigger investment decisions but also serve for reporting purposes.
Sustainability is a cross-team collaboration between our investment teams and our dedicated sustainability experts, which allows us to blend systematic and fundamental analysis at all levels of the investment process. This collaborative approach, and our innovative investment platform ensure that we are our investment team can make forward-looking investment decisions with the highest level of information and, therefore, conviction.
Our risk team provides additional oversight and has a good grasp of sustainability related issues and metrics.
These figures and information are reflective of our asset managment activities. Our private banking business is also able to leverage the information and inteligence produced by our dedicated sustainability teams.