SSA (DM): We use negative screening based on UN PRI principals and European sovereign bonds investments we score the countries by looking at several governance indicators. We look at three areas for our inclusion: economic, financial, and governance indicators. Only the countries that score sufficient are eligible for inclusion. We take into account Governance data from the World Bank Worldwide Governance Index.
SSA (EMD): We use negative screening based on UN PRI principals and ESG criteria (based on a set of ESG indices such as ND-GAIN, Human Development Index, WB Gov indicators etc., which are updated yearly) to provide a minimum level of ESG standards in the portfolio. This results in excluding around 50% of the amount of countries. When we’ve established the investable universe, we do a deep-dive in each country that we are allowed to invest in and we take into account data that covers E, S and G. The analysis done is updated regularly and consists indicators like United Nations Human Development Index, World Bank Worldwide Governance Index, Heritage Index of Economic Freedom, World Bank Ease of Doing Business Index, environmental data to analyze countries.
Corporates (Fin and non-Fin), see FI 01.3.