Investment decisions, portfolio construction and related activities, including trading and trade reconciliation, are inherently complex processes. As a result, mistakes and imperfections occur, some of which cause losses in our clients’ portfolios. However, not all mistakes and imperfections are compensable errors. We generally consider something a compensable error when we determine that our actions did not meet the applicable standard of care for managing a client’s assets and that our client suffered a loss as a result. Our Error Resolution Council, a cross functional group of senior professionals, reviews the facts and circumstances underlying potential errors on a case-by-case basis in order to assess whether the events constitute a compensable error. In conducting the assessment, the Error Resolution Council often consults other relevant personnel, including the portfolio manager(s) for the client account and the client’s relationship manager.
If we determine that we have made an error in a client’s account, we will typically compensate the client for the direct monetary losses (if any) the error caused in the client’s account. Unless prohibited by applicable regulation or a specific agreement with the client, we net the client’s gains and losses from the error or a series of related errors with the same root cause and compensate the client for the net loss. We typically notify clients as soon as practical of any errors that violate client guidelines, or that result in a material loss in the client’s account. However, we generally do not notify clients about an event when we have determined that it does not constitute a compensable error.