We continue to evolve our ESG integration process. During 2018 we continued to roll-out proprietary ESG analysis tools to our investors and increased collaboration across asset classes. We hired a dedicated ESG integration manager to strengthen ESG integration across investment desks.
Responsibility for ESG analysis primarily lies with our investment analysts as part of their company research. They are trained on ESG issues and evaluated on their analysis. Portfolio holdings are screened against 3P ESG ratings as a sense check. Some teams do additional work on ESG issues independently.
Our voting decisions are made in line with our ESG policy which was drafted following investor consultation. Fund managers are consulted on controversial decisions, those against the recommendation of our proxy research provider and against company management recommendations. Investors meet with governance specialists to discuss market-wide and company-specific issues. At this time voting decisions and reports are circulated to investors for a final review.
On a regional basis investors have regular meetings with corporate governance specialists to review voting decisions, discuss regional issues and best practice, identify companies at risk and set engagement priorities. Information from these meetings is circulated widely. Around the AGM season there is additional engagement on voting.