MSCI ESG Research data and ratings are used in the construction. The large MSCI global team of experienced research analysts assesses thousands of data points across 34 ESG issues, focusing on the intersection between a company’s core business and the industry issues that can create significant financial risks and opportunities for the company. Companies are rated on a AAA-CCC scale relative to the standards and performance of their industry peers.
ISS-oekom Corporate Ratings are based on a scientifically developed list of approx. 400 criteria. Intensive dialogue with companies and with independent sources, such as environmental and consumer associations, human rights organisations and anti-corruption initiatives, forms an important part of ISS-oekom's rating processes.