During due diligence, CDC always assesses alignment with local and international ESG standards. Where applicable, CDC develops an action plan with the company to close identified gaps and, where possible, implement value-adding opportunities. For example, at one company CDC noted challenges related to labour and working conditions, many of which were linked to endemic issues in the country's manufacturing sector. CDC secured commitment from the company to improve ESG performance and provided support to build capacity and implement a robust E&S management system in partnership with company management. Significant improvements have been observed over the past months regarding working hours, health and safety and contractor management. The company believes this, together with other initiatives, has led to improved efficiency and productivity and a better working environment for employees and contractors; and in the future, will enable them to access more finance.