First and foremost, we monitor whether the investment managers, as UN PRI Signatories, are adhering to the UN PRI Principles. And for specific client mandates, we monitor to ensure the mandate is being managed in compliance.
On an adhoc basis, we have required the investment managers to review proxy voting record and rationale. We have required investment managers to measure carbon intensity of particular mandates. And we have measured compliance to additional screening parameters (e.g. Carbon Underground 200).