Baker Gilmore’s investment process combines fundamentally-driven, subjective forecasting of the key factors driving bond returns with a rigorous approach to portfolio construction and implementation to meet client risk and return objectives. ESG risks and constraints are integrated in most of the investment process steps.
The investment process consists top-down and bottom-up analysis:
1. Top-down: Baker Gilmore has identified a variety of economic and market data that are used to generate its forecasts and to evaluate market conditions. Interest rates and sector spreads are forecasted, as these are the factors that Baker Gilmore believes to be the dominant influences on portfolio performance. The investment team forecasts these factors through a subjective evaluation of macroeconomic data which contains ESG inputs such as demographics, geopolitics conflicts, regulations, technological innotivation, etc.
2. Bottom-up: Once top-down portfolio exposures have been determined, individual securities are purchased or sold to achieve target positions. For corporate bond security selection, Baker Gilmore’s bottom-up fundamental research process focuses on determining credit risk. Risk factors that are analyzed include: management quality, business model, cash flow, bond covenants, industry and red flags. ESG risks are integrated in these key risk factors.