The passive strategies are mostly used as part of allocation funds. One fund is a ESG-optimized fund. The majority of the passive funds is beta strategies.
The quant strategies uses ESG as part of final evaluation proces and ongoing risk evaluation.
The fundamental funds all uses ESG as part of initial sector analysis, first selection of companies, valuation and the more qualitative final selection. ESG is part of the ongoing risk evaluation and active ownership. It is a cornerstone in the dialogue with the company.