We have a two pronged approach. For companies within the portfolio we engage with management normally on an annual basis folliwing the publication of the annual report and accounts. In addition we listen and sometimes question the management at their official announcment broadcast of quarerly results on various aspects of ESG.
In addition when we add a compny to our investble universe a full detailed analysis is submitted by one of the analysts and then reviewed by our senior analyst in Hong Kong. This is doen after engagement with the management of the target company and could be any time of the year rather thanjust after the publication of the accounts.