We make our own proxy voting decisions, consistent with our proxy voting guidelines. We use proxy voting service ISS as a source of research on many of the raw data items that go into those decisions.
Dana staff maintains a calendar of AGMs and proxy-voting deadlines that are monitored to insure applicable proxies are voted by Dana staff. Voting follows our proxy guidelines. Where ambiguity or discretion applies, votes are determined after internal discussions among the Portfolio Management team, including ESG staff.