Describe your approach to ESG-based negative screening of issuers from your investable universe.
Negative screening is incorporated by client request and is designed to align with specific client needs. We are able to incorporate most client screening requests, provided that they do not substantially impact the team's ability to effectively deliver its strategy to the client. They carefully review clients' guidelines to ensure that they can invest within their style, given the clients' restrictions.
Additional information. [Optional]