Describe your involvement in any projects to improve the voting trail and/or to obtain vote confirmation .
Officers of the Fund have direct access to the proxy voting platform (Broadridge Proxy Edge) used by the managers. Officers monitor the upcoming votes to supervise manager activity and to intervene where necessary on specific issues/votes. The Fund's overlay provider GES had also been mandated to carry on a monitoring programme of manager voting to inform the Fund as to votes of two key themes, climate change and remuneration and also to understand if their exists any conflicts or contradiction in manager actions where a stock is held in common across several portfolios.
Additional information. [OPTIONAL]