Proxy voting rights are an important part of shareholder responsibility and we seek to vote on all possible resolutions at company meetings. Prior to voting, the relevant investment manager and analyst carefully consider each resolution, with guidance provided by our ‘Guidelines and principles for corporate engagement on governance, environment and social issues’.
Recommendations from a selection of independent corporate governance research providers are also sought. Our investment teams retain full control over their proxy voting decisions, however, and do not necessarily follow the guidance provided by third party governance research providers.
All teams have an approval and escalation process for proxy votes and maintain records when they vote against management or against the recommendations of the proxy voting adviser.
We see proxy voting as an extension of our engagement activities and will take the company's individual circumstances and willingness to engage into account when making decisions. We do not require different teams to vote the same way on specific resolutions.
We have not filled or co-filled a shareholder resolution but would consider such measures should we believe it was the most effective way to bring about change in an investee company.